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Important birthdays:

15Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commandant
1544William Gilbert, Essex England, physicist (researcher into magnetism)
1605Nikon, [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
1610Giovanni Battista Chinelli, composer
1619Philips Wouwerman(s), Dutch painter
1650John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist
1677Alexandre de Villenueve, composer
1686Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, invented the thermometer
1736Juan de Sesse y Balaguer, composer
1738George III, king of Great-Britain (1760-1820)
1743Jean-Paul Marat, France, revolutionist
1751Charles Emanuel II, King of Sardina (1796-1802)
1753Oliver Cromwell, Burlington NJ, black who served with Washington
1754Giacomo Conti, composer
1767Joseph Ignaz Schnabel, composer
1781Louis-Fran‡ois Dauprat, composer/horn player
1794William Whewell, British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)
1803Charles LJL Bonaparte, Corsican/French prince of Canino/Musignano
1807Cornelis E van Koetsveld, vicar/literature
1807Thomas Duncan, painter
1810Abraham Geiger, theologian/author/leader of Reform Judaism
1811Charles Clark, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1877
1816Emanuel Leutze, US, painter (Washington Crossing the Delaware)
1816Robert Seaman Granger, (Union Army Bvt Major general, died in 1894)
1819Victoria Alexandrine, Queen of Great Britain (1837-1901)
1831Richard Hoffman, composer
1838Paul Laband, German lawyer
1840Frederick Walker, painter
1841Charles Napier Henry, painter
1841Tito Mattei, pianist/composer
1850Ernest Albert Waterlow, water-color painter
1852Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, author/politician
1854Louis Mountbatten, admiral (WW I)
1855Arthur Wing Pinero, British playwright
1858Johan C Braakensiek, political cartoonist (Green Amsterdammer)
1866Armando Frid, Argentina, live until July 28 1990 (124 years)
1870Jan Christian Smuts, proponnent of Commonwealth & League of Nations
1878Lillian Moller Gilbreth, engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954)
1881Mikulas Schneider-Trvavsky, composer
1882Creighton Hale, Cork Ireland, actor (Gorilla Man, Way Down East)
1886Paul Paray, Le Tr‚port Normandy, conductor/composer (Artemis Trouble)
1891Benedictus H Danser, Dutch botanist
1891William F Albright, US old testament scholar/archaeologist
1893W H Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda)
1895H S T L "Stork" Hendry, cricketer (Australian all-rounder post-WWI)
1895Samuel I Newhouse, US millionaire publisher (Parade, Vogue, Glamour)
1898Kathleen Hale, British children book writer/illustrator (Orlando)
1899Suzanne Lenglen, France, Wimbledon tennis champion (6-times)
1903Aram Katchaturian, Armenian composer, (Earth)
1903Hilding Hallnas, composer
1904George Formby, [William Booth], Brit singer/comic (Let George Do It)
1904Kenneth Buckley, British rear-admiral
1904Patrick Johnson, physicist
1905Mikhail Sholokhov, USSR, writer (And Quiet Flows the Don, Nobel 1965)
1905Zdenek Blazek, composer
1906Edmund Sargant, solicitor
1906John Mayo, director-general (Help the Aged)
1908Kresimir Fribec, composer
1908Michael Roberts, historian
1909Guillermo Diaz-Plaja, Spanish literary/poet (Lorca)
1909Louis Frnberg, writer
1909Wilbur Mills, (Rep-D-Ark)/involved with Fanne Foxe
1910Margers Zarins, composer
1910Nils-Eric Fougstedt, composer
1912Joan Hammond, British operatic soprano
1912Joseph Anthony, [Deuster], US director/actor (Matchmaker, Tomorrow)
1913Audrey Brown, England, 4 X 100m runner (Olympic-silver-1936)
1913Willi Daume, olympic organizer
1914Clifford Irving, Chairman (Isle of Man Govt)
1914George Tabori, writer
1914Lilli Palmer, [Peiser], Germany, actress (Gentle Sex, Lotte in Weimar)
1916Roden Cutler, Governor (New South Wales)
1917Derek Hodgson, British high court judge
1917Lord Campbell of Alloway, QC
1917Theodore Hesburgh, Syracuse NY, president (Notre Dame)
1918Coleman A Young, civil rights leader (Mayor-D-Detroit)
1918D V Jennings, solicitor
1922Sadao Bekku, composer
1923Paul Bramley, oral surgeon
1923Siobhan McKenna, Ireland, stage actress (Saint Joan)
1925Fran‡ois J [Frank] le Roux, chief whip (South Afr Conserv Party)
1925Mai Zetterling, Sweden, actress (Witches, Offbeat, Jet Storm)
1926Len Maddocks, cricket wicket-keeper (Australian mid-50's)
1927John Kelly Jr, US, sculls (Oly-bronze-1956)/brother of Grace Kelly
1927Martinus J Mentz, South African MP (Conservative)
1927Timothy Beven, CEO (Barclays Bank)
1928Peter Griffiths, MP
1928Stanley Baxter, British comedian (Joey Boy, Fast Lady)
1928William Trevor, Brit writer (Children of Dynmouth, Fools of Fortune)
1930Hans-Martin Linde, composer
1930Ivor Richardson, Judge (NZ Court of Appeals)
1932Arnold Wesker, British playwright (Bratkartoffeln Inbegriffen)
1932Elaine Malbin, opera singer
1932Graham Arnold, artist
1932James Anderton, Chief constable (Manchester England)
1932Terence Heiser, British senior civil servant
1933Christopher Staughton, British Lord Justice of Appeal
1933Hemchandra Tukaram Dani, cricketer (Test Ind v Pak, 1-19, ct 1, DNB)
1933Joaqu¡n Vaquero Turcios, Spanish painter
1933Tony Mullett, dir-general (National Criminal Intelligence Service)
1934Jane Byrne, (Mayor-D-Chic)
1936Harold Budd, composer
1938Glen Hall, cricket leg-spinner (S African in one Test v England 1964)
1938Tommy Chong, Edmonton, Alberta, comedian/actor (Cheech & Chong)
1939Gert J Schutte, Dutch MP (GPV)
1940Gary Burghoff, Bristol CT, actor (Radar-M*A*S*H)
1940Joseph Brodsky, USSR, author (Less than 1, Nobel 1987)
1941Andres Garcia, Santo Domingo Dom Rep, actor (Tiger Shark)
1941Baroness Hollis of Heigham, history lecturer (U of East Anglia)
1941Bob Dylan, [Zimmerman], Minn, singer/songwriter (Blowin' in Wind)
1941Brian Dennis, composer
1941Konrad Boehmer, composer
1941Martin Mogg, governor (British Durham Prison)
1941Tony Valentino, rocker (Standells-Dirty Water)
1942Ali Bacher, cricketer (South African batsman & capt in 60's)
1942Derek Quinn, guitarist (Freddie & Dreamers-I'm Telling You Now)
1942Sarah Dash, Trenton NJ, rocker (LaBelle-Lady Marmalade)
1943James Levine, British conductor
1944Arthur Brown, rock vocalist (Fire) [or Jun 24]
1944Patti LaBelle, [Holt], Phila Pa, singer (LaBelle-Lady Marmalade)
1945Priscilla Presley, Bkln NY, actress (Jenna-Dallas, Naked Gun)
1945Richard Ottaway, MP
1945Steven Norris, British MP
1946Irina Kirszenstein Szewinska, Lenningrad, long jumper (Oly-bron-1972)
1946Jeremy Treglown, English scholar/editor (TLS)
1946Steve Upton, rock drummer (Wishbone Ash-There's the Rub, Locked In)
1947Luke Rittner, sect-gen (Arts Council)
1947Mike Reid, Altoona Penn, country singer (Walk on Faith)
1949John Illsley, rocker (Dire Straits)
1950Jo Ann Washam, LPGA golfer
1951Pat Bradley, golfer (leader in LPGA career earnings)
1951Rob Baker, rock drummer (Red Rider)
1951Ronald A Parise, Warren Ohio, PhD/astronaut (STS 35, STS 67)
1953Alfred Molina, London, actor (Enchanted April, Prick up your Ears)
1953Nell Campbell, [Laura], Sydney Australia, actress (Rocky Horror)
1955Rosanne Cash, Memphis Tn, country singer (Seven Year Ache, I Wonder)
1955Thad Ackel, horse trainer
1956Helen Terry, rocker (Now You're Mine)
1957John G Rowland, (Rep-R-CT, 1985- )
1959George Glanos, horse trainer
1960Pete Metzelaars, NFL tight end (Carolina Panthers, GB Packers, Lions)
1962Bev Lidyoff, Huntington Park Ca, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-7th-1994)
1962Dorothy Trapp, equestrian 3-day (Olympics-96)
1963Gene Anthony Ray, Harlem NY, dancer/actor (Leroy-Fame)
1963Horace Holden Jr, Atlanta GA, slalom double canoe (Olympics-11th-96)
1963Joe Dumars, NBA guard (Detroit Pistons)
1963Ken Ftach, St Louis Mo, tennis star
1964Adrian Moorhouse, British 100m breaststroker (Olympic-gold-1988)
1964Elizabeth McColgan, British running star (world record 5 km indoor)
1964Pat Verbeek, Sarnia Ont, NHL forward (Team Canada, NY Rangers)
1965Chris Jorgis, Palo Alto Calif, US badminton player (Olympic-92)
1966Tommy Turner, jockey
1966Tony Jones, NFL tackle (Cleve Browns, Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32)
1967Heavy D, rapper
1967Margaret Crowley, Australian 800m/1500m runner (Olympics-96)
1967Steve McDonald, rocker (Redd Kross)
1968Jerry Dipoto, Jersey City NJ, pitcher (NY Mets)
1969Martin McCague, cricketer (in Ulster AIS product, Eng quickie 1993-94)
1969Rich Robinson, rocker (Black Crowes-Shake Your Money Maker)
1970Jeff Zgonina, NFL defensive tackle (Carolina Panthers, Packers, Rams)
1970Nick Castaneda, Birmingham Ala, pairs skater (& Dawn Piepenbrink)
1970Thomas Alden Page, Glenridge NJ, rocker (New Kids-Hangin' Tough)
1971Paul Ragusa, Bulach Switz, Canadian 48 kg freestyle wrestler (Oly-96)
1971Troy Barnett, NFL defensive end (NE Patriots)
1972Danny Bautista, Santo Domingo Dom Rep, outfielder (Atlanta Braves)
1972Petra Schwarz-Ritter, Vienna Aus, tennis star (1988 Futures-Bari-ITA)
1972Tito Paul, NFL defensive back (Arizona Cardinals, Cincinnati Bengals)
1972Viktor Ujcik, Jihlava CZE, hockey (Team Czech Rep)
1973Karim Alami, Morocco, tennis star
1973Ville Peltonen, Vantaa FIN, NHL forward (Team Finland, San Jose)
1974Ace Custis, NBA forward (Dallas Mavericks)
1974Marcus Coleman, free safety (NY Jets)
1974Maria Alejandra Vento, Caracas Venz, tennis star (1995 Futures-Braz)
1974Natalie Neaton, Royal Oak Mich, soccer forward (Olympics-96)
1975Katie King, ice hockey forward (USA, Oly-98)
1978Jade Winter, Australian swimmer (Olympics-96)
1979Tracy McGrady, NBA forward (Toronto Raptors)
1980Billy L Sullivan, LI NY, actor (Will Pacino-Something So Right)
1981Shelby Lyons, Oswego NY, pairs skater (& Wells-1995 Midwest champ)
1982? Samane, S Afr, son of Christine, heaviest baby (22 lbs 8 oz/10.2 kg)
1996Matthew Eappen, Boston Mass, baby murdered by nanny Louise Woodward

Historial events:

1086Abbott Dauferio/Desiderius becomes Pope Victor III
1153Malcolm IV becomes king of Scotland
1300King Philip IV occupies Flanders, Earl Gwijde captured
1370Hanzesteden signs peace treaty with Danish king Waldemar IV
1487Imposter Lambert Simnel ceremony crowned as King Edward VI of Dublin
1626Peter Minuet buys Manhattan from Indians for trinkets, valued at $24
1653German Parliament selects Ferdinand II king of Austria
1658Battle of Dunes (Spanish-French War) fought
1660English king Charles II visits Netherlands
1667French troops attack into Southern Netherlands
1689English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants
1697English king Willem III travels through northern Europe
1726-26] People's revolt due to increase in gin/brandy tax
1738Methodist Church forms
1809Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
1815George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia
1818Gen Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida
1822Battle of Pichincha, Bol¡var secures independence of Quito from Spain
1824Pope Leo XII proclaims a universal jubilee
1829Pope Pius VIII issues his program for pontificate
1830"Mary Had A Little Lamb," is written
18301st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)
1844Samual F.B. Morse taps out "What Hath God Wrought" 1386 "S
1844Samuel FB Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" (1st telegraph msg)
1846Gen Zachary Taylor captures Monterey in M‚xican War
1854Anthony Burns, slave, arrested by US Deputy marshals in Boston
1854Lincoln University, Penn, 1st Black college in US forms by Prebyts
1856Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas
1861Alexandria, VA occupied by Federal troops
1861Maj Gen Benjamin Butler declares slaves "contraband of war" 43991 "S
1862Westminster Bridge across Thames opens
1866Berkeley, Calif named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
1870Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US
1873Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit," premieres in Paris
18775th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:45«
1878CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston
18797th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Harold wins in 2:40«
1881Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die
1883The Brooklyn Bridge opened by Pres. Arthur & Gov. Cleveland.
1883Brooklyn Bridge opened by Pres Arthur & Gov Cleveland
1884Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People's Party in US
1887Sultan Bargash of Zanzibar grants E Afr Assn at East African harbors
1890Caprivi succeeds Bismarck on as chancellor of Germany
1890Geo Train & Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma
1890Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London
1895Henry Irving becomes 1st theatrical knight
1899In Boston, the 1st auto repair shop opens.
18991st auto repair shop opens (Boston)
190034th Belmont: Nash Turner aboard Ildrim wins in 2:21¬
1900Britain annexes Orange Free State
1902Empire Day 1st celebrated in Britain
1902Cleve's Bill Bradley is 1st ALer to hit a HR run in 4 consecutive games, not duplicated until Babe Ruth does it June 25, 1918
190539th Belmont: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Tanya wins in 2:08
1908Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
1908John Masefields "Tragedy of Nan," premieres in London
1909Bristol University granted Royal Charter
1915Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary
1915Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations
1916Conscription begins in Britain
1916French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured
1916Last British-Indian contract workers arrive in Suriname
1916US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker
1918Cleveland beats Yankees 3-2 in 19 inning
19211st parliament for Northern Ireland elected
1921British Legion forms
1922Record temperature in Netherlands for May (35.6øC)
1922Russian-Italian trade agreement signed
1926Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000 m (8:25.4)
1928Record 12 future Hall of Famers take the field, as Yanks beat A's 9-7
1928Umberto Nobile flies airship over North Pole again
1929Detroit Tigers beats Chicago White Sox, 6-5, in 21 innings
19301st woman to fly from England to Australia solo, lands (Amy Johnson)
1930Bradman scores 252* Australia v Surrey, 290 mins, 29 fours
1930Ruth homers in both games of a doubleheader, giving him 9 in one week
19311st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
1933Dmitri Shostakovitch's Preludes, premieres in Moscow
1934Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
19351st major league night baseball game, in Cincinnati (Reds 2, Phil 1)
1935Swedish princess Ingrid marries Danish crown prince Frederik (IX)
1936Dutch bishops forbid membership of Nazi party
1936Tony Lazerri 2 grand slams (11 RBIs); Ben Chapman sets record by reaching 1st 7 times safely, Yanks beat A's 25-2
19401st night game at NY's Polo Grounds (Giants 8, Braves 1)
19401st night game at St Louis Sportsman Park (Indians 3, Browns 2)
1940Dutch Queen Wilhelmina speaks on BBC radio
1940Dutch army demobilizes
1940German tanks reach Atrecht France
1940Hitler affirms Gen von Rundstedts "Stopbevel" 44047 "S
1941Bismarck sinks British battle cruiser HMS Hood, 1,416 die 3 survive
1943Admiral D”nitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean
1943U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
1944Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
1944Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
1946Bill Dickey replaces Joe McCarthy as Yankee manager
1948Benjamin Brittens "Beggar's Opera," premieres in Cambridge
1951Racial segregation in Wash DC restaurants ruled illegal
1951US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
1951Willie Mays begins playing for NY Giants
1953Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Doctor Mellifluus
19541st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, NM
1954Dr Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st black to head an AMA unit
1954German airline Lufthansa forms
1954IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour
1957Anti American riots breakout in Taipei, Taiwan
1957Heavy earthquake strikes Colombia
1958"New Girl in Town" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 432 perfs
1958Pres Batista opens offensive against Fidel Castro's rebellion
1958UP & International News Service merge into United Press International
19591st house with built-in bomb shelter exhibited (Pleasant Hills Pa)
1959Empire Day renamed Commonwealth Day in England
19601 millionth Dutch telephone installed
196127 Freedom Riders arrested in Jackson, Mississippi
1961Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit
1962M Scott Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 launched into Earth orbit
19631st Lockheed A-12 to crash, CIA pilot Ken Collins ejects safely
196418th Tony Awards: Luther & Hello Dolly win
1964Beatles' 3rd appearance on Ed Sullivan
1964Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open Invitational
1964Longest HR (471') in Balt Memorial Stadium (Harmon Killebrew, Minn)
1964Panic in Lima Peru soccer stadium, kills 300
1965Supreme Court declares federal law allowing post office to intercept communist propaganda is unconstitutional
1966"Mame" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 1508 performances
1967AFL grants a franchise to Cincinnati Bengals
1968Haiti closes down shortwave station 4VEH for 40 days
1968Mick Jagger & Marianne Faithfull arrested for drug possession
1968Pres De Gaulle proposes referendum & students set fire to Paris bourse
1969Beatles' "Get Back," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks
1970Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Bluegrass Golf Invitational
1970Peter Queen quits Fleetwood Mac to join a religious cult
1971A commuter bus plunges into Panama Canal, killing 38 of 43 aboard
1972Glasgow Rangers wins 12th Europe Cup II at Barcelona
1972US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974Dean Martin Show, last airs on NBC-TV
1975Dutch Govt of De Uyl decides to obtain an F-16
19761st commercial SST flight to North America (Concorde to Wash DC)
1976Muhammad Ali TKOs Richard Dunn in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1977USSR President Podgorny resigns
1978Dutch Investment bill (WIR) law goes into effect
1979Billy Martin issues a public apology to Reno sportswriter Ray Hagar
1979USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1980"Rock Lobster" by B-52's hits #56
1980Iran rejects a call to World Court to release US hostages
1980Stanley Cup: NY Islanders beat Phila Flyers, 4 games to 2
1981Al Unser wins, loses, & wins a controversial Indy 500
1981Hostage situation ends at Central Bank in Barcelona Spain
1981Kathy Hite wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1983Fred Sinowatz succeeds Bruno Kreisky as chancellor of Austria
1983Supreme Court rules govt can deny tax breaks to schools that racially discriminated against students
1984"Wiz" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 13 performances
1984Det Tigers win AL record 17th straight road game
1985"View to a Kill" premieres in US
1985-25) cyclone hits Bangladesh; about 10,000 die
1986Country Singer Garth Brooks marries Sandy
1986Margaret Thatcher becomes 1st British PM to visit Israel
1986Reginald Huffstetler trode water for 985 hrs
1986Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Calgary Flames, 4 games to 1
198733rd LPGA Championship won by Jane Geddes
1987Al Unser Sr, 47, wins his 4th Indy 500
1988John Moschitta set record for fast talking: 586 words per minute
1988Porntip Nakhirunkanok, 19, of Thailand, crowned 37th Miss Universe
1988Power outage in Boston Garden in NHL's Stanley Cup finals
1989"Indiana Jones & Last Crusade" premieres
1989AC Milan wins 34th Europe Cup 1 at Barcelona
1989French war criminal Paul Touvier arrested in monastery in Nice
1989NHL's NY Rangers fire GM & coach Phil Esposito
1989Weird Al Yankovic records his UHF soundtrack
1989NY Yankee hurler Lee Gutterman sets record of pitching 30-2/3 innings before giving up his 1st run of season
1990Andre Dawson receives a record 5 intentional walks in a game
1990Stanley Cup: Edmonton Oilers beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1
1992Al Unser Jr wins Indy 500
1992Colleen Walker wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1992Pat Bradley wins J C Penney/LPGA Skins Game Golf Tournament
1992Despite trailing 7-1, NY Yanks tie Milwaukee Brewers & then score 1 in 9th to avoid 5th straight extra inning game
1993Eritrea achieved independence from Ethiopia after 30-year civil war
1993Kim Basinger files for bankruptcy to avoid paying $7.4M settlement
1993Kurd rebellion kills 33 soldiers & 5 citizens in Turkey
1994Poison singer Bret Michaels gets into a car crash
1996"Spy Hard," starring Leslie Nielsen is released
1997Actor Tim Allen arrested for drunk driving in Mich
1997STS 84 (Atlantis 19), lands
1997Telstar-5 Proton Launch, Successful
1998Indianapolis 500 race
1998wins J C Penney LPGA Skins Game

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